The discovery of the molar skeleton Mauer 1 suggested that Humans have settled in what is now Germany 600,000 years ago. The oldest hunting tool in the world was discovered in a coal mine in Schönningen. It has discovered three ancient lumberjack that has been buried under the ground for over 380,000 years. In addition, prehistoric human fossils have been discovered. "Neanderthal" is the first in the world. It is estimated to be more than 40,000 years old. There is also evidence of humans living around the same time in a cave in the Schwaben Alps near Ulm. And a 42,000-year-old woodwind instrument made from mammoth tusks and bird bones has also been discovered, which is the oldest musical instrument in the world to be discovered. The lion-headed "Lion Man" from the Ice Age 40,000 years ago is the oldest human figurative art ever discovered.
The culture of Germany has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular. Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker (the country of poets and thinkers)