History, Language & Culture 伊拉克

历史语言和文化 伊拉克

The region between the Tigris and Euphrates is often called Mesopotamia. And it is expected to be the birthplace of the world's oldest writing and civilization. This area is a civilization that has been passed down since the 6th millennium BC. At different stages of history Iraq was the center of the Akkadia, Sumerian, Assyrian and Babylonian empires. It was also a part of the Media Empire, Achaemenid, Hellenic, Parthia, Sassanid, Roman, Rashidine, Umayyah, Abbasi, Mongol, Safavid, Afshariyah and ottoman. And was a territory in the League of Nations under British control.


In 1920, when the Ottoman Empire was divided according to the Treaty of Savre. Iraq is placed in the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom as a British Mesopotamian mandate. The King was established in 1921 and the Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from England in 1932. In 1958 the King was overthrown and the Republic of Iraq was established. Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968 to 2003 after the invasion of the United States and its allies. Saddam's Ba'ath Party Hussein was ousted from power and several parliamentary elections were held. All of the US troops left Iraq in 2011, but the Iraqi insurgency continued and escalated as fighters from the Syrian Civil War ran into the country.


Iraq's official language is Arabic, and the rest is Kurdish.


Iraq is an important cultural center. Ancient Mesopotamian Culture Group There is a picture of a lion at Ishkah's gate. Or is it a fortress in the south of Iraq? And there are statues and other sculptures that have been greatly destroyed by Isis.


Iraq was once the world's first cookbook. It is a food that has been passed down for a long time. The most popular dishes are kebabs, Gauos (grilled meat sandwiches wrapped in a similar to kebabs), Gusi (mutton dishes with rice. With side dishes like almonds, raisins and spices) and more.

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